Akureyri | North Iceland

Mynd af skiltinu / Picture of the sign ═slenskur textiEnglish text **** GrßnufÚlagi­ Fram yfir 1870 var lÝtill grundv÷llur til bygg­ar ß Oddeyri. Ůar

GrßnufÚlagi­

Mynd af skiltinu / Picture of the sign

═slenskur texti
English text

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GrßnufÚlagi­

Fram yfir 1870 var lÝtill grundv÷llur til bygg­ar ß Oddeyri. Ůar var enga vinnu a­ hafa og langt a­ sŠkja Ý kaupsta­inn (g÷mlu Akureyrina) enda kom vegur milli bŠjarhlutanna ekki fyrr en um 1892 og stundum ˇfŠrt ■anga­ s÷kum illvi­ra og snjˇa. Ůa­ var ekki fyrr en Ýslenskt verslunarfÚlag, GrßnufÚlagi­, tˇk a­ hrei­ra um sig ß eyrinni a­ alv÷ru uppbygging Oddeyrar sem eins af hverfum Akureyra kaupsta­ar hˇfst. FÚlagi­ var stofna­ 1869 og festi ■ß kaup ß gamalli franskri fiskisk˙tu sem skÝr­ var Grßna og breytt Ý kaupskip til a­ flytja v÷rur til og frß ═slandi. Tveimur ßrum sÝ­ar keypti GrßnufÚlagi­ stˇran hluta Oddeyrar og hˇf verslun Ý ÷­ru af tveimur h˙sum er ■ß stˇ­u ß eyrinni, gamla Lundi. Ůar me­ var d÷nskum kaupm÷nnum, sem ■ß voru allsrß­andi Ý Akureyrarverslun, sagt strÝ­ ß hendur. GrßnufÚlagi­ haf­i ekkert me­ alla eyrina a­ gera og hˇf ■vÝ snemma a­ selja einstaklingum skika og ˙thluta lˇ­um. ┴ sumum ■essara bletta voru rŠktu­ t˙n, ß ÷­rum reist h˙s og ne­st ß eyrinni voru lendingarsta­ir, fyrst fyrir hßkarlaskip og seinna sÝldvei­iflota bŠjarb˙a. Ůar spruttu lÝka fram bryggjur og ß fj÷rukambinum voru smÝ­u­ skip. ┴ fyrri hluta 20. aldar og fram Ý seinni heimsstyrj÷ld var helsti sorplosunarsta­ur bŠjarb˙a fyrir nor­an og ne­an GrßnufÚlagsh˙sin ■ar sem ÷sku og ÷­rum ˙rgangi var fleygt Ý stˇrt og miki­ sjßvarsÝki. Ůa­ er n˙ l÷ngu horfi­ en Ý ■ess sta­ komnar g÷tur og enn fleiri h˙s.á

Myndatextar:

Stˇra myndináOddeyrartangi og Ësinn 1931. Hausti­ 1929 fÚkk Shell leyfi til a­ reisa olÝugeyma ß Tanganum, vi­ hli­ geymanna standa sÝldvei­iskip ß ■urru landi og bÝ­a nŠstu vertÝ­ar. Fiskreitir eru allt Ý kringum Ësinn ■ar sem saltfiskur var ■veginn og ■urrka­ur ˙ti undir berum himni. GrßnufÚlagsh˙sin lengst til hŠgri eru einu h˙sin sem enn standa.á

Minni myndir:
* VÚlsmi­ja Odda ßri­ 1954 en fyrirtŠki­ var starfrŠk Ý GrßnufÚlags-h˙sunum 1943 ľ 1993. ═ upphafi var ßherslan ß vi­ger­ir bßta en seinna ß almennar vÚlavi­ger­ir og nřsmÝ­i.
* ┴ Oddeyrartanga um 1930. Ůar var brŠdd hßkarlalifur og smÝ­u­ skip ˙ti undir berum himniog ß bryggjunum s÷ltu­u konur sÝld.
* Strandgatan um 1920. Bryggjurnar Ý fj÷runni voru settar fram ß vorin og teknar upp ß haustin. GrßnufÚlagsh˙sin eru fremst ß myndinni.á
* MannlÝf vi­ Strandg÷tu um 1905. BŠndur l÷g­u inn framlei­slu sÝna til GrßnufÚlagsins og tˇku ˙t varning ß mˇti.
* GrßnufÚlagsh˙sin um 1890. Ůau eru Ý raun ■rj˙ sambygg­ h˙s. H˙si­ lengst til vinstri kom frß Vestdalseyri vi­ Sey­isfj÷r­ 1873, h˙si­ lengst til hŠgri kom frß SkjaldarvÝk 1876 og mi­juh˙si­ var byggt 1878.


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GrßnufÚlagi­ - Fight against Monopoly

There was little incentive to build on Oddeyri - no work and far from the centre of Akureyri. No roads were built until around 1892, so communications were difficult in inclement weather. However, in 1869, the coming of the Icelandic commercial enterprise, GrßnufÚlag, saw Oddeyriĺs inclusion into Akureyri township. The companyĺs boat, Grßna, transported goods to and from Iceland. Two years later the company set up a store in the building Lundur, sparking fierce competition with Danish tradesmen who had held a monopoly over Akureyriĺs commercial business. But GrßnufÚlag did not require all their land and sold off small pieces to the townspeople. Some for pasture, others for house building. By the shore were landing places for shark fishers, and later herring boats. Piers sprang up, and on higher ground, vessels were built. From the early 20th century and up to WWII refuse was disposed of below and to the north of GrßnufÚlagĺs premises. Ash and other waste was thrown into a very large tidal pool, long gone to make way for streets and houses.

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Big picture:
Oddeyri Point and the Estuary 1931. In autumn 1929 Shell obtained permission to build oil tanks on the Point. Herring boats onshore await the next season. Around the Estuary are plots for the open air washing and drying of salted fish. GrßnufÚlag buildings far right are the only houses remaining from this period.

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Smaller photos:
Oddi Machine Shop, 1954. Originally boat repairs, later general machinery, and newbuildings.á
Oddeyrartangi around1930. Shark liver oil was processed, ships builtáá in the open air, and on the pier women salted herring.
Strandgata around 1920. Piers were erected in spring and removed in autumn. GrßnufÚlag in the foreground.
Life on Strandgata around 1905. Farmers exchanged their produce for goods.
GrßnufÚlag's premises around 1890; in reality three attached houses. The building farthest left was transported from Vestdalseyri, Sey­isfj÷r­ur in 1873, the one farthest right from SkjaldarvÝk in 1876, and the centre house was built in 1878.




 
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